Cannabigerol, or CBG, is also a component of the hemp plant and belongs to the group of cannabinoids. We shed light on the rather unknown cannabinoid CBG and explain what you need to know about CBG. We also tell you about the use of CBG and where you can buy CBG.
What is CBG?
Cannabigerol (CBG) is a cannabinoid found in the hemp plant. At first glance, CBG seems inconspicuous, but this cannabinoid is also an important component of our Full Spectrum CBD oils.
CBG is one of the first cannabinoids to form in the cannabis plant. At the very beginning of growth, there is still a lot of CBG in the plant. The older the cannabis plant gets, the less CBG it contains. In the end, however, CBG only makes up less than 1% of the total cannabinoids in the hemp plant.
CBG has CBG acid (CBGA) as its basic building block. An additional carboxy group must be split off in order to obtain CBG from CBGA. These forms also give rise to the better-known forms CBD and THC later on. Enzymes can convert CBGA into other basic forms (such as those for CBD and THC). This is why there is less CBG in the plant in the later stages of growth.
What is the difference between CBG and CBD?
CBG forms from an acid form that is present in the young cannabis plant. CBGA is a basic building block of the many important cannabinoids that will later be present in the plant. But first, enzymes form other acids from CBGA, which then serve as precursors for CBD, THC and other cannabinoids. After harvesting, the acids then form the cannabinoids that we have in our CBD oils.
So CBG and CBD have a different chemical structure, but are derived from the same chemical acid form. The concentration of CBG and CBD in the cannabis plant is also divided differently. If at the beginning of growth the CBG content is still very high, it becomes lower and lower the more CBD and THC the hemp plant develops.
How is CBG produced?
Often the focus is on CBD and THC when growing hemp. CBG has only recently started to get more and more attention. The highest amount of cannabigerol tends to be found in the young hemp plant. However, when more CBD and THC are to be harvested from the hemp plant, it is often harvested late in the flowering phase. At this stage, a lot of CBG acid has already been converted into the precursors for CBD and THC, so that the CBG content is very low, often even less than 1%.
For this reason, the interest of the research is on hemp varieties that form a higher CBG content. Also an earlier harvest of the plant can bring about a higher CBG content. Often, the oil of the hemp seeds is additionally used as a carrier oil of CBG oils, which can also have a small amount of CBG. Thus, the profile of the CBG oil is expanded.
How is CBG used?
As a natural component of the hemp plant, CBG is often found in CBD products. As a cannabinoid, it is absorbed through the mucous membranes in the mouth. If you have a CBD oil or a CBG oil at hand, you can drizzle it under your tongue and let it take effect. CBG oil is usually a bit more bitter than CBD oil.
As a general rule, CBG, like CBD, should be started with a low dosage. This way, the body can slowly get used to the cannabinoid and you can find out your individual dosage.
How does CBG work?
CBG can communicate in the endocannabinoid system. Research assumes that CBG acts as an antagonist of the CB1 receptor. This would mean that CBG can prevent other cannabinoids from docking with the CB1 receptor. In this way, the effect of, for example, THC, could be weakened. Whether CBG docks at the CB2 receptor or prevents other cannabinoids from doing so is not yet clear.
Cannabis research is increasing more and more, and CBG is now also coming into focus. It will certainly take some time before firm statements can be made about the effect of CBG and other cannabinoids.