Table of content

Terpenes: What are they?
1.1 What are terpenoids?
1.2 Where are terpenes found?
1.3 What do terpenes do?
What terpenes are in the hemp plant?
2.1 Terpenes table
Caution: terpenes and cats
Terpenes in ALPINOLS

Terpenes: What is that?

Terpenes are a group of chemical compounds that occur in plants and rarely in animals. They are counted among the secondary plant substances that we take in through food. In addition to the cannabinoids such as CBD terpenes are also important components of the hemp plant. They are considered a scent and protect the plant from pests.

The hemp plant has over 100 different terpenes, which serve as protection against pests and give a special aroma. The terpenes of the hemp plant can have important benefits for you, because research indicates that CBD has a more intense effect in connection with terpenes. However, too little research has been done to confirm this with certainty.

WHAT ARE TERPENOIDS?

Terpenes are actually chemical compounds that have a similar structure. They are found in plants and also rarely in animals, such as insects. Terpenes are also called secondary plant compounds. They are often used because of their smell or taste and are also the main component of plant essential oils.

If you are wondering why sometimes also spoken of terpenoids. The generic term terpenoids includes all chemical compounds that have terpenes as a building block. Terpenoids also include other secondary plant substances such as bitter substances or carotenoids. Cannabinoids are also very similar to terpenes.

Generally speaking, terpenes belong to the group of secondary plant substances. For humans, they do not count as essential nutrients and are still very little researched. However, they are said to have an influence on metabolic processes. Various health-promoting effects are attributed to them:

  • Protection against cancers
  • positive effects on the heart and blood pressure
  • Anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects

However, it is currently not possible to confirm these effects with the current scientific data. Therefore, no recommendations can be given, which indicate a dosage or an intake amount.

It is probably important that terpenes and secondary plant substances are not taken in isolation, but as a total package of the plant.

WHERE DO YOU FIND TERPENES?

Terpenes are mainly found in plants in nature. With their aromas, they serve the cannabis plant to ward off pests and attract insects for pollination. We perceive this through smells or taste. When we brush our teeth with peppermint toothpaste, for example, we smell the menthol terpene.

The cannabis plant alone already contains more than 150 terpenes. Most of the terpenes of the cannabis plant are found in the resin, but the flowers and the fine leaves around the flowers, the so-called trim, also contain many of the valuable terpenes.

Terpenes are already used in many ways in aromatherapy. Essential oils are becoming more and more popular because they are said to have many benefits.

WHAT DO TERPENES DO?

Plants not only contain important nutrients for us humans, but also terpenes. Research assumes that these terpenes could be important for our organism. However, it has already been established that the interaction of the components of the entire plant is often important for a possible effect.

At CBD , too, research assumes that the full spectrum of the hemp plant could have a more positive effect than isolated CBD . Here, however, research is not yet in agreement. In expert circles, this possible effect is also called the “entourage effect”. This means that the ingredients of the plant as a whole could be better for us than the isolated components of the plant.

So terpenes are not only supposed to be for smell or taste, it is also increasingly suspected that they can have other effects on us humans. In a study in 1964, Israeli researchers found that the main active ingredients of cannabis (CBD and THC) only account for part of the effect of cannabis. They found that other cannabinoids and terpenes also have an effect. He subsequently referred to this as the "entourage effect". Entourage comes from French and means nothing else than "surroundings" or "environment". Other cannabinoids and terpenes form the so-called environment in which CBD and THC are found in the cannabis plant.

Terpenes are now used in aromatherapy; they are said to be able to unfold their effect via the smell or the skin. Essential oils containing terpenes are used for fragrance lamps or skin oils. They are therefore particularly popular in cosmetic products or also in food. In aromatherapy, terpenes are used as a form of therapy because of their smell. It belongs to herbal medicine and is used as room scenting, flower baths or in massage oils.

Here, too, it is always emphasised how important the plant as a whole is compared to isolated components. We also believe in the full power of the hemp plant and therefore extract gently with our CO2 extraction method all the important components from the hemp plant for our CBD oils.

WHICH TERPENES ARE IN THE HEMP PLANT?

Just like us humans, each cannabis plant is individual. Cannabis plants have different compositions of terpenes. Thus, the terpenes of each variety are similar, yet each plant is different. That is what makes them so special. The typical hemp smell or taste comes from terpenes and makes up the special aroma of the hemp plant. We would like to introduce you to a few of the terpenes.

MYCREN

Myrcene occurs in large quantities in the hemp plant and is therefore already one of the most researched terpenes of the hemp plant. The terpene myrcene is a natural hydrocarbon that occurs mainly in many fruits, herbs and hops. The aroma is clove-like and has a citrus note. It is believed that myrcene is anti-inflammatory and calming. However, this has not yet been fully scientifically proven.

LIMONS

Even the name sounds like the citrus-like aroma that limonene has. It is mainly found in citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons and limes. In addition, this terpene is also found in juniper, peppermint and the hemp plant. Lime is said to improve mood and restore your inner balance.

BETA-CARYOPHYLLENE

Even though the name sounds complicated, you've probably already smelled it. Beta-caryophyllene has a peppery, spicy aroma and is often found in black pepper, cinnamon, cloves, cumin, figs and basil. There is a suggestion that this terpene is calming and anti-inflammatory.

PINS

There is alpha-pinene and beta-pinene. It is widespread and, as the name suggests, it is often found in pine forests and conifers. But this terpene can also be found in orange peel, rosemary and parsley. However, its effect, which is said to be anxiety-relieving and concentration-enhancing, has not yet been proven.

LINALOOL

You're probably familiar with the lavender sachets that you put under your pillow to help you sleep better. The smell that is released is caused by the terpene linalool. With its sweet and floral aroma, it is also found in coriander, nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon, thyme, basil and roses. In the past, people also liked to use this scent to repel mosquitoes, because the little insects don't like it at all. Research has found that linalool can probably have an anxiety-relieving and relaxing effect.

TERPENES TABLE

Terpene

Effect

Pinene

Aroma: Pine

General: Attention, memory, counteracts some THC effects.

PotentiallyAsthma, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory

Myrcene

Aroma: Musk, cloves, earthy, notes of citrus or tropical fruit.

General: Sedative, relaxing

Potentially: Antioxidant, muscle cramps, insomnia, pain, inflammation, depression

Lime

Aroma: Citrus

General: Mood-lifting, stress-relieving

Potentially: Antifungal, antibacterial, mood enhancer, heartburn, depression, bowel problems.

Beta-caryophyllene

Aroma: Peppery, spicy, woody, cloves

General: not known

Potenziell: Stomach-protective, anti-inflammatory, arthritis

Linalool

Aroma: Flowers, Citrus, Sweet 

General: Antianxiety, sedative

Potentially: Antianxiety, antidepressant, antispasmodic, acne.

CAUTION: TERPENES AND CATS

For us humans, aromas are important and we can derive a benefit from them. However, caution is advised for cats! Especially cinnamon, thyme, tea tree oil, peppermint, lavender or oregano can quickly become dangerous for cats. Cats cannot break down terpenes, or only after a long time. They accumulate in the body of the animal.

It is therefore particularly important to make sure that your four-legged friend does not come into contact with essential oils, aromatic substances or CBD oils with terpenes. A CBD-Oil for cats should therefore be as terpene-free as possible. Read more about this in our blog article "CBD-Oil for cats: What do you have to consider?".

TERPENES AT ALPINOLS

We only want the best for our CBD oils! We believe in the full power of the hemp plant - especially in hemp cultivation. Therefore, we place special emphasis on a complete terpene profile in our CBD oils. Our CBD oil is produced using a gentle extraction method. CO2 extraction ensures that only the best of the hemp plant is included. With other extraction methods, valuable terpenes can be lost. We want to avoid this.

In our CBD oil you will also never find artificially added terpenes, but only what really occurs in the hemp plant. This way we can guarantee that our CBD oils are a natural product. You can compare this with an apple as opposed to a vitamin tablet, in which the vitamins have been artificially combined. So that you can have a look at what our terpene profile looks like, we have here an analysis report for you.